University of Toronto - St. George

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Earth and Environmental Systems (HBSc)

University of Toronto - St. George

Faculty:Arts and Science
Degree:Bachelor; Honours
Field of Study:Geology/Earth Science, General
Length:4 Year(s)
Cost per year:*
National: $6,100
International: $57,020
Careers:Managers in Natural Resources Production and FishingGeologistsPaleontologists


In the Earth and Environmental Systems Major, students use multidisciplinary approaches to studying the large-scale interactions between the Earth and planetary systems over a broad spectrum of time-scales, addressing deep timescales of millions to billions of years as well as processes taking place in today’s and in future worlds. Courses take an integrative approach to understanding interactions between the solid Earth, the biosphere, the atmosphere and the hydrosphere, addressing how these interactions have developed over geological, historical, and recent time periods. Themes of the program include Earth surface processes (e.g., evolution of landforms and sedimentary basins), paleoclimatology (e.g., drivers of Earth’s natural climate variability), biogeochemistry, Quaternary science (understanding the ice ages) and global environmental change. This program provides broad context over time and space to better understand and provide solutions for the current issues of climate change, resource consumption and global pollution weighing heavily on people and societies.


Grade for Entrance Previous Year (%)*80 to 100
These courses are intended as guidelines. Speak to your guidance counsellor to see what courses are offered at your school.
  •  Grade12 Calculus and Vectors 
  •  Grade12 Chemistry 
  •  Grade12 English 
Applicants are required to have an Ontario Secondary School Diploma, and six 4U/M courses, including: Calculus & Vectors (MCV4U), Chemistry (SCH4U), and English (ENG4U). Physics (SPH4U) and Biology (SBI4U) are recommended.

* The entrance grade may change from year to year. Please contact the school for further information.

* We make every attempt to provide accurate information on prerequisites, programs, and tuition. However, this information is subject to change without notice and we highly recommend that you contact the school to confirm important information before applying.

Modified on July 29, 2021