|Field of Study:||Applied Mathematics, Other
|Description:||Combinatorics is the study of discrete structures and their properties. It includes coding theory, combinatorial design, enumeration theory, graph theory and polyhedral theory. Many modern scientific advances have employed combinatorial structures to model the physical world, and recent advances in computational technology have made such investigations feasible. In particular, since computers process discrete data, Combinatorics has become indispensable to Computer Science.
Optimization, or mathematical programming, is the study of maximizing and minimizing functions subject to specified boundary conditions or constraints. The functions to be optimized arise in engineering, the physical and management sciences, and in various branches of mathematics. With the emergence of computers, Optimization experienced a dramatic growth as a mathematical theory, enhancing both Combinatorics and classical analysis. In its applications to engineering and management sciences, Optimization forms an important part of the discipline of Operations Research.
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